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Despite a successful premiere for his Paris Symphony (K297) at the Concert Spirituel on June 18 and a few other small commissions (concertos for flute, some ballet music), The principal theme, beginning with a group of scurrying sixteenth‑notes followed by a hiccup, produces a series of motives that carry the bulk of the discourse. 39 in E-flat major, K.543, was completed on June 26, 1788. Tickets: $15 – $74; KidTix Free with Adult; College Students $10. Symphony No. We can be sure that poet and composer were personally acquainted by 1892, when they both attended a performance of Maeterlinck’s drama Pelléas et Mélisande, and it is certainly likely that they discussed the musical possibilities of Mallarmé’s “Faune.” Debussy began composition of the Prelude that year, along with most of the other compositions that were to occupy him for the next decade: his String Quartet, the opera Pelléas et Mélisande, the Nocturnes for orchestra, and a number of songs. Program: MOZART “Paris” Symphony No. The particular strengths of the Mannheim forces may well have turned his attention in the direction it was to take when he next composed an opera, for he wrote to his father in February, “I am eager to write [an opera]…but Italian, not German, and seria, not buffa.” Nothing came of his desire at the time, since Leopold was eager for the pair to get on to Paris, where (he was sure) fame and fortune awaited his son. 4 Bizet – Symphony in C Major Beethoven – Piano Concerto No. Allegro Intermission Philadelphia Orchestra concerts are broadcast on WRTI 90.1 FM on Sunday afternoons at 1 PM, and are repeated on Monday evenings at 7 PM on WRTI HD 2. Mozart Masonic Funeral Music, K. 477 Mozart Symphony No. PROGRAM NOTES by Paul Schiavo WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART Piano Concerto No. This music prolongs the emotion of my poem, and sets its scene more vividly than color.” The first performance of the Prelude made Debussy famous overnight; the striking character of this music, which everyone experienced as something quite new, established his personality even in the eyes of those critics who expressed a wish for “an art more neat, more robust, more masculine.”. Portrait of Johann Peter Salomon by Thomas Hardy, 1792. The leading composers of the day had written grand tragic operas for the great theater of Elector Carl Theodor, and when Mozart met the Elector, he confessed that he would like to write an opera for his forces. Duration is about 10 minutes. "His mother, who had accompanied him on the trip, died 3 July. There are 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets in A, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, and strings. The safety of patrons, musicians and staff remains the Symphony’s top priority. The main theme ends with a momentary turn to the minor just before the cadence; at the corresponding point in the recapitulation, this generates a surprising but completely logical passage in C‑flat minor (written, however, as B minor) before the imitative woodwind theme returns in the tonic. Symphony No. 2 BARBER Adagio for Strings HAYDN Symphony No. The score calls for three flutes, two oboes and English horn, two clarinets, two bassoons, four horns, crotales, two harps, and strings. Symphony No. In Paris, Mozart's mother is very sick, and she will die shortly after the premiere of this new symphony, his 31st, still known as the "Paris". Having been told that his work would be of no interest as a theatrical piece, he put it aside for a decade. One of the greatest miracles in the history of music is Mozart’s achievement in the summer of 1788, composing his last three symphonies all in the space of six weeks. 39 in E‑flat major, K.543. Even more impressive is the striking variety between the three works, each of which has a character and mood all its own. It was premiered in Prague on January 19, 1787, during Mozart's first visit to the city.Because it was first performed in Prague, it is popularly known as the Prague Symphony.Mozart's autograph thematic catalogue records December 6, 1786, as the date of completion for this composition. The composer noted on the score that he preferred to have as large an ensemble of orchestral strings as possible for performances of the work. Program Notes Home: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756–December 5, 1791) Allegro; Andante; Allegro; In the summer of 1778, Mozart and his mother left Salzburg on a fateful journey to Paris, in search of a salaried position for 22-year-old Wolfgang. In 1865 the poet Stéphane Mallarmé produced a “Monologue d’un faune,” with which he hoped to obtain a performance at the Comédie Française. [10][11], Sadie notes, reflecting on Leopold's remark given above, that indeed "Mozart's Paris Symphony is quite noisy. Finally, though, while living at Kamenka, the home of his sister and her family (and long one of Tchaikovsky’s favorite retreats), he began work on a composition for the Silver Jubilee Exposition. Symphony No. It is not surprising that he felt unable to do anything with such a topic; his creative inertia took the form of a variety of activities to help him avoid composing: revising earlier works, proofreading scores, and renewing his study of English in the hopes of eventually being able to read his favorite English authors, Dickens, Thackeray, and Shakespeare. Tchaikovsky, to his chagrin, drew the subject, “Montenegrin villagers receiving news of Russia’s declaration of war on Turkey.”. The work received a positive review in the June 26 issue of the Courrier de l'Europe, published in London: The Concert Spirituel on Corpus Christi Day began with a symphony by M. Mozart. November 6, 2019. [6], The symphony was later performed in the Burgtheater in Vienna on 11 March 1783 during a benefit concert for Mozart's sister-in-law, the singer Aloysia Weber.[7]. An invigorating first movement predominates, followed by a … The finale is often called the most Haydnesque movement Mozart ever wrote, largely because it is nearly monothematic. "[8], "The Autograph Manuscripts and Early Performances of Mozart's, International Music Score Library Project, "Mozart:Symphony No. In fact, Idomeneo was the finest opera seria composed in many years‑‑perhaps ever. Kansas Cty Symphony PROGRAM NOTES By Ken Meltzer 28 2018/19 Season kcsymphony.org | WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756-1791) Symphony No. The premiere took place on 12 June 1778 in a private performance in the home of Count Karl Heinrich Joseph von Sickingen, the ambassador of the Electorate of the Palatinate. He adds, "[Mozart's father] Leopold remarked that, to judge by the Parisian symphonies he had seen, the French must like noisy symphonies."[8]. The symphony is laid out in fast-slow-fast form, omitting the Minuet normally found in classical-era symphonies: The first movement opens with a rising and accelerating D major scale in an effect known at the time as the Mannheim Rocket. The “lieto fine” (happy ending) required by the Metastasian operatic style allowed the leading characters to personify a world of reason and forgiveness, a world of self‑control, where rulers do not descend to bloodshed as easily as they do in ours. PROGRAM NOTES by Phillip Huscher Wolfgang Mozart Born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria. Symphony No. Tchaikovsky summed up his own feelings about the autumn’s musical harvest thus: The Overture will be very loud, noisy, but I wrote it without any warm feelings of love and so it will probably be of no artistic worth. It was commissioned by Joseph Legros, the head of the Concert Spirituel. Both works have long been among the popular favorites of Tchaikovsky’s output—the 1812 overture with all its glorious bombast, and the Serenade for strings with its freshness and charm, its brilliant string writing, its graceful waltz of a character that Tchaikovsky made entirely his own, its richly expressive elegy, and its lively finale based on one of those Russian folk tunes that reiterates over and over a simple melodic gesture, allowing the composer to deploy his substantial skills as an arranger to ring the changes on the obstinate little fragment of tune that grows ever livelier. If Mozart had continued to work in that vein, the history of opera might have been very different. 31 in D major, K. 297/300a, better known as the Paris Symphony, is one of the most famous symphonies by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It is a spacious work of great humanity. 10, D. 936a, reveal three movements; the Andante on tonight’s program is the second. 41 in C Major, K. 551, “Jupiter” (1788) 29 minutes Flute, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani and strings. He was supposed to write a piece of music for the twenty-fifth anniversary of Tsar Alexander II’s accession to the throne, since the government hoped to generate a little enthusiasm for the ruler, who had recently been the subject of some assassination attempts. ), specifying that it be a serious opera in Italian. For this event Mozart was given an extraordinary ensemble—the finest orchestra in Europe (the Mannheim orchestra, which had recently been moved to Munich) with twice the usual number of strings and a full wind complement including, for the first time in Mozart’s experience, clarinets. Symphony No. The Symphony No. The longest and last symphony that he composed, it is regarded by many critics as among the greatest symphonies in classical music. 23 in A major, K. 488 BORN: January 27, 1756, in Salzburg DIED: December 5, 1791, in Vienna WORK COMPOSED: early in 1786 WORLD PREMIERE: Unknown, but almost certainly March 1786, in Vienna, with the composer playing the solo part and conducting from the keyboard. Debussy’s success in obtaining this fluid, pastel effect can be measured by the fact that musicians still argue about where the various sections begin and end. Serge Koussevitzky conducted the first Boston Symphony Orchestra performances of the overture on December 1 and 2, 1944. [1], The work was composed in 1778 during Mozart's unsuccessful job-hunting sojourn in Paris. It was an overture dealing with Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812, and would call for actual cannons in performance. The Symphony No. )[4], The work evidently was popular. Throughout his life, he was also interested in music; he had even written an essay on Wagner for the “Revue wagnerienne” in 1885. 39 in E‑flat major, K.543. Tickets: Adults: $40 Students (through college): $5 The sheer speed is daunting. Enhanced Program Notes: MOZART + HAYDN Portrait of Joseph Haydn by Thomas Hardy, 1791. Royal College of Music, London. Sadie remarks that this is the largest orchestra for which Mozart had yet composed in his career. Clarinets were relatively new in the symphony orchestra (although long since a standard component of Mozart’s opera orchestra), and it was by no means a foregone conclusion that they would be included. 3. His greatest success of this period of time was the Paris Symphony. On February 10, 1794 Solomon presented the premiere as part of a concert at Hanover Square that included a piano concerto by Dusseck and a new violin concerto by Viotti (with the composer doing the solo honors). 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