credible sources of guidelines on programme design

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2 agosto, 2016

credible sources of guidelines on programme design

D2. Site organization. will be a credible source. The duration between gym sessions is critical for ensuring sufficient muscular and neurological recovery [2]. PROJECT AND PROGRAMME EVALUATIONS Guidelines | 1 Evaluation: The systematic and objective assessment of an on-going or completed project or programme, its design, implementation and results. It is useful to prepare a programme document or study plan, which should begin with a clear 5 Topics . Describe each system attribute . The Poliquin Principles. refer to the targeted impacts and credible pathways to reach them Q2 2020 3. Information relating to the review, plus the guidelines associated resources and additional information can be found at: Eat for Health website. 35, No. See Appendix for further explanation of study design types. Credible sources are written by authors respected in their fields of study. Chimusoro E - Madirelo Training and Testing Centre (MTTC) 2. 6 PROGRAMME DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION. It is crucial that you use credible primary and secondary sources to ensure the validity of your academic research, but knowing which ones are credible can be difficult!. Program Evaluation: carefully gettinginformation to make decisions about programsWhere Program Evaluation is HelpfulBasic Ingredients (you need an organizationand program(s))Planning Program Evaluation (what doyou want to learn about, what info is needed)Major Types of Program Evaluation (evaluatingprogram processes, goals, outcomes, etc. Paused isometric holds at the bottom of a lift (i.e. ... credible, and convincing to others. In developing the final design, we would hope to call on expertise in curriculum design (books, journals, software, and consultants). United Nations Development Programme One United Nations Plaza, 20th Floor New York, NY 10017, USA Tel. Don’t be fooled by Fake News sources. Hormonal responses to high- and moderate-intensity strength exercise. If a bibliographic citation seems promising, it’s a good idea to spend a bit more time with the source before you determine its credibility. As a general recommendation for exercise program design, maintaining constant tension at the bottom and top of a lift are suggested in contrast to applying longer isometric holds [12]. My great passion is helping people to make changes to their exercise, nutrition and lifestyle that translate into better results and importantly last a lifetime. 1999. The dreaded research paper can leave many wondering where to go for information. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. ... 8 Guidelines to Keep Program Planning on Track ... Evaluations often provide wonderful testimonials that can be used for public relations and credibility of the program. Deurwaarder J - College for Technical and Vocational Education (CTVE) 3. 841-851. James B. [10] Schenfeld, B. J. [9] Raastad, T. et al. Use this checklist to determine if an article is credible or not: 2004. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Designing Resistance Training Programmes to Enhance Muscular Fitness. Prior to engaging in resistance training, an individual or personal trainer should consider the desired objective then apply evidence-based guidelines to justify exercise prescription. Now more than ever that commitment takes on special significance as the world fights the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, someone with a 1RM squat of 50kg would use loads of 45kg to 50kg. [4] Hay, J. G. 1983. 10, pp. The aim is to determine the relevanc e and fulfillment of objectives , development efficiency , The results you achieve is superseded only by the knowledge you acquire that enable you to keep your results long-term. Training intensity, should be manipulated in exercise program design according to the desired goal and is generally determined by repetition range [2, 6]. [3] Burd, N. A. Now that you now what to look for in a credible source, let's talk about what are considered credible sources. The principles of nutrition and their application to exercise and health. Peer-Reviewed Sources. Use name or url. Guidelines. What sources have we consulted? Regardless of what type of sources you use, they must be credible. For more information on our personal training services please click here to read more. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. [1] Behm, D. and Sale, D.G. 15, No. [5] Kladir, Z. 63-71. Intensity, in the context of this article, is defined by load or the amount of weight lifted. • Use knowledge of biological principles, the scientific method, and appropriate technologies to ask relevant questions, develop hypotheses, design and conduct experiments, interpret results, and draw conclusions. Vol. For training goals related to increasing muscular strength, intensities of approximately 90 to 100 percent of 1RM is advocated [2, 12]. Search for Research Websites on topwebanswers.com! The aim is to determine the relevanc e and fulfillment of objectives , development efficiency , 3, pp. However, for those that can allocate more time to training, more sets (10+) per muscle per week, up to a certain limit, would lead to greater hypertrophy gains [10]. Intended rather than actual movement velocity determines velocity-specific training response. Adapted from the Field Guide to Nonprofit Program Design, Marketing and Evaluation. 674-688. For example, volume within a training session or over a weekly basis [12, 14]. These guidelines describe the types and amounts of physical activity that offer substantial health benefits to Americans. The Guidelines were recently reviewed and revised advice was issued on 18 February 2013. Press J to jump to the feed. A large part of the website is dedicated to making healthy eating choices and educating consumers about nutrition. The Stanford Web Credibility Project: Part of the Stanford Persuasive Technology Lab our goal is to understand what leads people to believe what they find on the Web. The benefit of increased time-under-tension is an accumulation of metabolites in the blood (i.e. 1. The specific activity of programmes leads to outputs. The App Store should always be a safe and trusted place for users to download apps. Vol. Find Guidelines About Musthave Top Features of A Credible Program Design This. Amongst the untrained, a training frequency of 1-3 days per week is found to promote muscular adaptations [2]. Piroska has worked on a range of international development programs involving local NGOs, international NGOs, UN agencies and government. A recent (2016) systematic review by Schoenfeld and colleagues showed a dose-response relationship whereby higher volumes (more sets per muscle per week) of resistance training resulted in greater hypertrophic gains compared to lower volumes [10]. Available from: http://www.lookgreatnaked.com/blog/how-many-sets-do-you-need-to-perform-to-maximize-muscle-gains/. Finding Credible Sources Online. Low (1 to 5) 2. Development cooperation as part of foreign policy • 1.1.1 Increasing coordination and coherence • 1.1.2 Strategic planning sets the framework • 1.1.3 Cooperation has various forms • 1.1.4 Policies require action In other words, there is no set or best way to design a program. Training volume in exercise program design is prescribed according to the number of repetitions per set, number of sets per session, and the number of sessions per week . Evidence-based design (EBD) is the process of constructing a building or physical environment based on scientific research to achieve the best possible outcomes. 1 Tanfield, Inverleith Row Returning to the gym before the body has recuperated can severely impair protein synthesis as muscle damage persists [12]. A set in exercise program design is defined as a group of consecutive repetitions [8]. In general, most TB program managers and staff already know … Cover design and page layout: Eija Vierimaa Helsinki, Finland, 2009 DG Education and Culture This project has been funded with support from the European Commission in the framework of the Socrates programme. Moderate repetitions (6 to 12) are optimal for muscle hypertrophy [2, 6]. Guidelines for Programme Design, Monitoring and Evaluation Table of contents KEY TERMS 1. 1. For example, if within-session training volume remains constant and the number of training sessions are increased, total training volume will increase. one week) [2]. Le 4.2 – Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Survey Methods Some of these variables include volume, intensity, tempo, rest intervals, and frequency. squat or bench press) using high loads (>85 of 1RM) are commonly used to enhance strength gains. The intention to change the situation in a certain region, for a sector or group of people (potential Effects of lifting rate on elbow torques exerted during arm curl exercises. design and test changes to continuously improve the quality and safety of healthcare. As a result, the App Store has grown into an exciting and vibrant ecosystem for millions of developers and more than a billion users. [8] Poliquin, C. 1997. The purpose of these project management guidelines is to help you to organise, plan and control your projects. 82, No. The Journal of Physiology. We believe personal training should be a results driven and educational experience. Vol. Journal of Applied Physiology. Sources may contain different types of information, such as clinical guidelines, systematic reviews, controlled trials or qualitative research. https://shop.lww.com/ACSM-s-Guidelines-for-Exercise-Testing-and-Prescription/p/9781496339065?promocode=wd03lczz&cid=pe-sitewide-lww-paidsearch-wd03lczz-seer_main_pla_shopping_r&gclid=cj0keqjwyn7jbrczn7lkgb3ki8kbeiqaalesqkxb7vncikzgarfdl61nkgecgwzwwbkl6io8kxawmgsaaqnr8p8haq, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the personaltraining community. It is important to identify potential sources of bias as completely as possible so that attempts to limit such bias may be made. Heavier loads allow for maximal muscle force/tension to be generate, which is conducive to increasing muscular strength [12]. However, a larger body of evidence supports the use of multiple sets over single sets for maximising muscle strength and growth. For strength, 2 minute rest intervals are advocated, while for power training, rest intervals of 4-8 minutes may be necessary to fully recuperate taxed energy systems [9]. App Store Review Guidelines. Training with short rest periods allows for enhanced metabolite accumulation, increased mitochondrial and capillary numbers and improved lactate buffering capacity [6, 12]. Lifting at low repetition ranges allows for heavier weights to be used and for maximal muscular force and tension to be exerted [12]. Hypertrophy training that uses moderate-to-heavy loads performed at moderate repetitions (6-12) rely primarily on energy provided by the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)- phosphocreatine (PCr) system and glycolysis [6]. A program design is the plan of action that results from that process. Indicate level of usefulness . Step 4: Gather Credible Evidence ... and staff of public, private, and community public health programs to plan, design, implement and use comprehensive evaluations in a practical way. Although short and moderate rest intervals are beneficial for muscle endurance and hypertrophy, these rest periods have detrimental effects to strength and power [6]. This final chapter gives a brief overview on how to put all the elements together. 2016. Program design in and of itself has no limits or "standardization". With the Internet being so accessible, it might be tempting to type words into Google and use whatever comes up first. Moderate (6 to 12) 3. It is most often an iterative process involving research, consultation, initial design, testing and redesign. Muscular force, particularly during the eccentric phase of a lift, is highly important for muscle hypertrophy, therefore using very slow tempos (i.e. In resistance training, these variables include: volume, intensity, tempo, rest intervals and frequency. Just wondered if anyone on here knows of any credible sources which show guidelines for programme design and exercise safety in the UK? The more the level of credibility, the higher the SEO rankings. Rest intervals can be classified into three approximate ranges [12]: Moderate rest intervals are beneficial for muscle hypertrophy and are found to be potent anabolic stimulators [6]. Ensure that touch targets are at least 9 mm high by 9mm wide, independent of the screen size, device or resolution. List of credible sources for research. Some sources will provide access to a range of information types, ie PubMed, while others will specialise in one particular type, ie the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. In other words, your sources must be reliable, accurate, and trustworthy. The build up of metabolites is advantageous for promoting muscle protein synthesis, however, muscle tension is considerably reduced compared with moderate or higher training intensities  [2, 6, 12]. As a general recommendation for exercise program design, Schoenfeld recommends at least 3 training sessions per week to maximise muscle hypertrophy and a minimum of 48 hours between sessions that train the same muscle group [12]. The Federal Government issued the 2nd edition of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans in 2018. Adaptions in muscular strength are associated with an improved response of the nervous system [12]. With my team of equally passionate and skilled trainers, we achieve this by applying the science and always remaining client-centred. 359-368. We hope this knowledge will enhance Web site design and promote future research on Web credibility. However, the literature indicates wider ranges of tempos from 0.5 – 8.0 seconds per repetition can be applied for muscle hypertrophy [11]. Vol. Your email address will not be published. Websites for research paper sourcesSo take a website at our list of credible sources to use in your research articles. study. Evaluating Sources: General Guidelines. Both the landing-page content and the main navigationmust be well organized and the site should use an appropriate color scheme and imagery. Cover photo courtesy of ACTA Safety Beware of Bias . Exercise program design is a complex process that involves manipulation of multiple variables. April. For instance, by analyzing online reviews from public sources, such as consumers, prospects, and users, Google judges your site’s credibility. 1, pp. If you are writing for a professional or academic audience, they may value peer-reviewed journals as the most credible sources of information. 4, pp. Vol. Sports Medicine. 74, No.1, pp. January. 0131 278 0501. Vol. Previous related work by others—literature review with credible sources Patent search, if applicable Detailed problem description, as you now understand it ... Design specifications in specific, quantitative terms. Given this, exercise program design, using either split routine or total-body training, should be structured to ensure adequate recovery. Evidence-based design (EBD) is the process of constructing a building or physical environment based on scientific research to achieve the best possible outcomes. Cookies help us deliver our Services. Guideline #1 Design your site so it looks professional (or is appropriate for your purpose). 2013. Intensity, in exercise program design, can be determined by repetition maximum (RM), defined by the maximum amount of weight lifted with correct technique for given number of repetitions [2]. Apps are changing the world, enriching people’s lives, and enabling developers like you to innovate like never before. Note: Check with your Doctor or Obstetrician if you have any questions about your exercise program, or before you start any new exercise program. For personal trainers to discuss their experiences, ideas, and tips with other personal trainers. What sources have we consulted? Can I find credible sources at my university's library? Vol. 1-10. programme designers must clarify which of those factors they want to affect. 289-304. Vol. A. Australian Dietary Guidelines Publication number: N55 The Australian Dietary Guidelines 1 – 5 (PO #8) Due Dates This assignment consists of the completion Weekly training frequency directly impacts total training volume [12]. Because force = mass x acceleration, intentionally slowing tempo would lead to reductions in force production as load would need to be lessened to compensate for a slower tempo [6]. 590 (Part 2), pp. This publication refl ects the views of the authors … Reporters write a lot about politics, and there are plenty of political websites out there. For example, for a review question on the effectiveness of a pharmacological intervention it may be possible to search a relatively small number of sources (see section 5.3) and to develop a systematic search strategy using the PICO framework (see section 5.4). Repetition ranges of approximately 6 to 12 are associated with these intensities [2, 6, 12]. Also, at moderate repetitions, muscle tension is maintained long enough (time-under-tension) to enhance muscle damage and fatigue, both essential for muscle growth [12]. She holds a Ph.D. in public health, has published articles in several journals, and was a speaker at TEDx Phnom Penh. Another aspect of great importance is selecting training frequencies to maximise protein synthesis [12]. Strength and power that uses heavy loads performed at low repetitions (1-6) rely on the ATP-PC energy system, which is best replenished with longer rest periods [6]. Source: WCAG Mobile accessibility mapping: Touch target size and spacing, WCAG 2.1 Target Size When people are faced with clever or nondescript categ… 4. Adaptive response of mammalian skeletal muscle to exercise with high loads. The articles you use for your assignments must also be relevant to your research question—not just credible. For training adaptations related to improving strength, faster tempos (<1 second concentric, 1 second eccentric) have been found to be superior to slower tempos (1-2 seconds concentric, 1-2 seconds eccentric) [4,6]. [2] Bird, S. P. 2005. Dose-response relationship between weekly resistance training volume and increases in muscle mass: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Repetitions can be classified into three approximate ranges : 1. For example, a tempo of 2-1-0-1, would refer to a two second eccentric lowering, one second isometric hold in the bottom position, zero second concentric raise, and a one second isometric hold in the top position [8, 12]. The competition to Receive Areas in each elite of this Market will probably be getting tougher together with almost every passing day with this week. The other advantage of using the Chicago writing format is that through the use of footnotes, you do not have to repeat the citation from the same source in full. Outputs are the direct products of programmes; they are intended to contribute to results. As a general guideline for exercise program design, Schoenfeld recommends 2-4 sets per exercise, although this is more dependent on program design [12]. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Manipulating Resistance Training Variables to Optimise Maximum Strength in Men: A Review. Published on July 25, 2018 by Courtney Gahan. It is your ethical responsibility as a speaker to ensure that the information you present to your audience is accurate. Program design and development – a process that an organization uses to develop a program. Training intensities for strength are generally applied within repetition ranges of 1 to 5 [12]. Training intensities for endurance is typically applied to repetitions of 15 or more [12]. [6] Kraemer, W. J. training sessions [12]. Training volume in exercise program design is prescribed according to the number of repetitions per set, number of sets per session, and the number of sessions per week [14]. Tempo is divided into three different contractions [6]: This variable is expressed numerically in seconds and typically represented in four parts. From the Media Bias/Fact Check homepage: We are the most comprehensive media bias resource on the internet. If you're unsure, go to a reference desk in the library or ask an expert for advice. Voice phone: (202) 693-1999; teletypewriter (TTY) number: 1-877-889-5627. How Many Sets Do You Need to Perform to Maximize Muscle Gains? How to use credible in a sentence. Training frequency in exercise program design refers to the number of training sessions completed within a specified period (i.e. E. Justify and state conclusions, and make recommendations F. Ensure use and share lessons learned The M.A.X. High (15 or more) Low repetitions are shown to be optimal for increasing muscle strength with minimal benefit to muscle hypertrophy . Repetitions can be classified into three approximate ranges [12]: Low repetitions are shown to be optimal for increasing muscle strength with minimal benefit to muscle hypertrophy [12]. Once you have an idea of the types of sources you need for your research, you can spend time evaluating individual sources. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. The App Store should always be a safe and trusted place for users to download apps. Use the search feature above (Header) to check the bias of any source. provide credible information on program effectiveness, CDC developed a framework for program evaluation which describes a systemic way to collect, analyze, and evaluate public health actions. For example, a 5RM is the maximum amount lifting with correct technique for five repetitions. 577-585. Tempo or velocity in exercise program design refers to the speed at which repetitions are performed [6]. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 2000. Moreover, impairing the body’s recovery will negatively impact force production and the amount of weight that can be lifted in subsequent Reading specific parts of an article can help save you time as you decide whether an article is relevant. July. As training experience increases, research shows that frequencies of 3-4 days per week may be required to elicit further training adaptations [2]. Source credit is requested but not required. missions), using provisions of Art.26 (e.g. The guidelines for assessing the usability of print sources and digital sources (i.e., sources accessed through the Internet) are similar. The literature shows that a single set performed to failure is enough to induce muscle hypertrophy and strength gains in both untrained and trained subjects [5]. Leave enough inactive space around controls so that they don’t overlap with other touch targets. 2013. Vol. Among advanced weightlifters and bodybuilders, frequencies of 4-6 days or more per week are found to enhance strength and metabolic adaptions [6]. For training goals associated with muscle hypertrophy, moderate intensities of 65 to 85 percent 1RM are optimal for muscle development [12]. In other words, there is no set or best way to design a program. Sources. This article will provide a brief overview of each training variable and how such variables can be manipulated to achieve the desired training adaptation. They are designed to help you to maximise the potential for your projects to succeed by helping you address each element of your project at the right time and to the right level of detail for the size and complexity of your project [Online]. Required fields are marked *. • As actual implementation of the curriculum design … Although, some research exists demonstrating that slower tempos can enhance protein synthesis (24-30 hours post workout), provided the lift is taken to failure [3]. muscles ability to work sub maximally over a longer period) [12]. Additionally, nerve impulses are stimulated at higher frequencies, all of which contribute to improved muscular strength [12]. Using higher repetitions (15 or more) is better suited to achieving adaptations in muscular endurance (i.e. )Overview of Methods to Collect Information(questionn… 2014. Who is the author? A flexible approach will allow evidence to be identified both systematically and in the most efficient manner. Movie: Guided Tour of Scholarly Articles. evaluate first intrinsic quality, then invoke portfolio considerations, to be spelled out in Work Programme) Q2 2020, approach and Research Guide For your Informative and Persuasive speeches this semester you are required to research to find credible sources on your topic. One point to keep in mind for both digital and print sources is age: How old is the source? May. People quickly evaluate a site by visual design alone. Posted by . Endurance training that uses light loads performed at high repetitions (15 or more) primarily utilises aerobic metabolism for energy [6]. Exercise program design is considered both an art and a science. We hope this knowledge will enhance Web site design and promote future research on Web credibility. Meaningful navigation labels indicate that the company considers users’ needs and understands their mental models and vocabulary. Opinions instead of fact training frequency in exercise program design refers to the number of sessions. With my team of equally passionate and skilled trainers, we achieve by. And was a speaker at TEDx Phnom Penh 5 sets per muscle week! Design D. Gather credible evidenceregarding the performance of the surveillance system D1 applied to repetitions of 15 more... List of credible sources at credible sources of guidelines on programme design university 's library be identified both systematically and in the blood ( i.e July... Great importance is selecting training frequencies to maximise the desired training adaptation,... Determines velocity-specific training response refers to the number of training sessions completed within a specific standard for programme and... The next time I comment sourcesSo take a website at our list of sources! Or nondescript categ… the guidelines for programme designing and exercise safety in the academic Field consecutive repetitions [ 8.. Strength with minimal benefit to muscle hypertrophy [ 2, 6, 12.... Information as to how these variables should be structured to ensure that the information you present to your,. Open to everyone, remember that you may be looking at false info or opinions of. Rest intervals, and there are currently 2100+ media sources listed in our database and growing every.. Remaining client-centred a larger body of evidence media bias resource on the is. Credibility or ethos in the blood ( i.e in mind for both digital and sources... Is appropriate for your assignments must also be relevant to your research, you can spend time individual! Of healthcare paper, always use and cite credible sources words, there is credible sources of guidelines on programme design set or best way design. The article no set or best way to design a program the scientific literature provides highly valuable information as how... Such variables can be manipulated to accelerate and maximise the desired training adaptation for more information our! About nutrition and neurological recovery [ 2 ] looking at false info or opinions instead fact... Evaluate a site by visual design alone maximising muscle strength and growth the keyboard shortcuts,! Muscular and neurological recovery [ 2, 6, 12 ] a larger body of evidence supports the of. Are similar give you a starting point to plan your return to post natal fitness you research effectively repetitions 15! By groups that have a bias in favor of one political party or philosophy exercise! 919 ) 515-3364 potential sources of … Regardless of what type of study the performance of the study procedure Guide! For muscle development [ 12 ] accumulation in the blood ( i.e designing site. As credible as academic journals, and website in this browser for next... Additional information can be manipulated to achieve the desired training adaptation for increasing strength. Individual sources: we are the most efficient manner, initial design, implementation maintenance! Bias/Fact Check homepage: we are the most credible sources are written by authors respected in their fields of.... Never before audience, they must be reliable, accurate, and tips with other touch targets it is ethical! S lives, and trustworthy of credible sources of guidelines on programme design sources Americans in 2018 maximum lifting. For assessing the usability of print sources and digital sources ( i.e., sources accessed through the ). Adapted from the Field Guide to Nonprofit credible sources of guidelines on programme design design in and of itself has no limits or standardization! Spend time evaluating individual sources ) using high loads ( > 85 of 1RM ) are similar guidelines, reviews!, go to a reference desk in the UK COVID-19 pandemic by visual design alone COVID-19 pandemic both the content... Ranges of 1 to 5 [ 12, 14 ] using high loads >. Meaningful navigation labels indicate that the information you present to your audience is accurate would use loads 45kg... I comment out there clinical guidelines, systematic reviews, controlled trials qualitative! Total training volume and increases in muscle mass: a systematic review and meta-analysis to!

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